Simplicity, minimalism and straightforwardness are the apt words to describe Oriya matrimony in a nutshell. You need to bear in mind that if there’s anything truly cultural and upholds or reflects the identity or cultural essence of a community, it has to be wedding. A typical Oriya wedding ceremony exemplifies this thought. While marriage rituals and traditions are undoubtedly a time of revelry, it’s indeed a stupendous thing that Oriya weddings don’t maintain any extravaganza or opulence, so to speak. There’s no special effort to go spend lavishly or create a gala wedding blitz.
To know how of the rituals in Oriya weddings are special and steal everyone’s hearts, you need to know what they are and the things they represent or uphold. That’d give you all the answers.
- Starting with Nirbandh: The pre-wedding rituals start with Nirbandh, which formally sets the engagement of the boy and girl. The respective fathers of the bride and groom take an oath, stating that they’ll get their children wedded to one another. The venue is the bride’s house preferably. Interestingly, the couple themselves doesn’t participate in this ritual.
- Jayee Anukolo ritual: Typical to Oriya matrimony, it stands for the wedding rituals’ beginning phase in Oriya weddings. This is soon followed by the organized distribution of invitation cards or you may call it nimantran patras for the scheduled wedding. The most wonderful thing about the culture is that the first card is sent to Lord Jagannath in Puri. He is considered to be the family deity. The maternal uncles of the bride and groom get the second card.
- Mangan and Jairagogo Anukolo: Elders bless the bride by applying mangan and turmeric paste on her. There are seven married women to do this part. Then she goes for a ceremonial bath. The main aim is cleansing and beautification prior to the D-day. The following custom represents the fire’s stoking after the she gets her ceremonial bath.
- Diya Mangula puja: It stands for the congregational prayers offered at revered the Goddess temple. The family’s female barber provides toe rings, bangles, wedding articles and sindoor of the would-be bride to the goddess/devi to ask for prosperity and bliss for the girl in her married life.
- Onset of wedding traditions: The main gig starts off with barajatri, the same word caters to Bengalis as well. It stands the groom’s majestic entrance into the wedding venue with his entourage. It includes a lot of pomp and gusto. He’s welcomed by the bride’s mother with a rice tilak and aarti. His kinsmen are warmly welcomed as well and taken to the hall with a lot of respect and courtesy.
- Baadu pani gaadhua: Post the groom’s entrance, a member of the bride’s family gives her the news. They take her away for another ceremonial bath just before the actual rituals start.
- Kanyadaan: This ceremony launches main wedding rituals. The bride’s father gives her hand to the groom, asking for a pledge that the guy will take good care of his daughter.
The ritual takes place at the bibaha bedi. It’s a wooden structure decorated with leaves and fresh flowers.
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